Personal, social, health and citizenship education

Personal, social, health and economic (PSHE) education is an important and necessary part of all pupils’ education. All schools should teach PSHE, drawing on good practice, and this expectation is outlined in the introduction to the proposed new national curriculum.

PSHE is a non-statutory subject. To allow teachers the flexibility to deliver high-quality PSHE we consider it unnecessary to provide new standardised frameworks or programmes of study. PSHE can encompass many areas of study. Teachers are best placed to understand the needs of their pupils and do not need additional central prescription.

However, while we believe that it is for schools to tailor their local PSHE programme to reflect the needs of their pupils, we expect schools to use their PSHE education programme to equip pupils with a sound understanding of risk and with the knowledge and skills necessary to make safe and informed decisions.

Schools should seek to use PSHE education to build, where appropriate, on the statutory content already outlined in the national curriculum, the basic school curriculum and in statutory guidance on: drug education, financial education, sex and relationship education (SRE) and the importance of physical activity and diet for a healthy lifestyle.

Essential Skills and Attributes developed through the Programme of Study

Personal effectiveness

Interpersonal and social effectiveness

  1. Self-improvement (including through constructive self-reflection, seeking and utilising constructive feedback and effective goal-setting)
  2. Identifying unhelpful ‘thinking traps’ (e.g. generalisation and stereotyping)
  3. Resilience (including self-motivation, perseverance and adaptability)
  4. Self-regulation (including promotion of a positive, growth mind-set1 and managing strong emotions and impulses)
  5. Recognising and managing peer influence and the need for peer approval, including evaluating perceived social norms
  6. Self-organisation (including time management)
  7. Strategies for identifying and accessing appropriate help and support
  8. Clarifying own values (including reflection on the origins of personal values and beliefs) and re-evaluating values and beliefs in the light of new learning, experiences and evidence
  9. Recalling and applying knowledge creatively and in new situations
  10. Developing and maintaining a healthy self-concept (including self-confidence, realistic self-image, self-worth, assertiveness, self-advocacy and self-respect)


  1. Empathy and compassion (including impact on decision-making and behaviour)
  2. Respect for others’ right to their own beliefs, values and opinions
  3. Discernment in evaluating the arguments and opinions of others (including challenging ‘group think’)
  4. Skills for employability, including
    - Active listening and communication (including assertiveness skills)
    - Team working
    - Negotiation (including flexibility, self-advocacy and compromise within an awareness of personal boundaries)
    - Leadership skills
    - Presentation skills
  5. Enterprise skills and attributes (e.g. aspiration, creativity, goal setting, identifying opportunities, taking positive risks)#
  6. Recognising, evaluating and utilising strategies for managing influence
  7. Valuing and respecting diversity
  8. Using these skills and attributes to build and maintain healthy relationships of all kinds



Managing risk and decision-making (integral to all of the above)

  1. Identification, assessment (including prediction) and management of positive and negative risk to self and others
  2. Formulating questions (as part of an enquiring approach to learning and to assess the value of information)
  3. Analysis (including separating fact and reasoned argument from rumour, speculation and opinion)
  4. Assessing the validity and reliability of information
  5. Identify links between values and beliefs, decisions and actions
  6. Making decisions

PSHE Long Term Plan

  Autumn Spring Summer

Year 7

Transition and Bullying

Health and Puberty

Relationships and Families

Year 8

Diversity and Human Rights / Workers Rights

Personal Safety and Anti-Social Behaviour and Crime

Relating to Adults and My place in the Community

Year 9

Sexual Health and Relationships and Body Image

Substance Abuse and Misuse and Why Do People Use Drugs

Enterprise and different kinds of Employment

Year 10

First Aid and Enjoying a Healthy Active Lifestyle

Stress, Anxiety and Depression and Relationships

Living in the Wider World and Career choices

Year 11

Parenting and Domestic Violence

Preparation for Working Life and Work Experience Placement

Exam Prep

Year 12

Health and Wellbeing


Living in the wider world